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Dataset - Arctic Ocean Dissolved Iron (Fe) Data from Flow Injection Analysis

Klunder, Maarten (2009). Arctic Ocean Dissolved Iron (Fe) Data from Flow Injection Analysis. (v1) The Netherlands. Part of GEOTRACES IPY-NL. Published by NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research.
Please use the citation above when using this dataset. Download as: BibTex or RIS


Dissolved iron was measured directly on board by Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) after De Jong et al. 1998 in a cleanroom container. In a continuous FIA system the acidified pH 1.8, filtered (0.2µm) seawater is buffered to pH 4.0. The iron is concentrated on a column which contains the column material aminodiacetid acid (IDA). This material binds only transition metals and not the interfering salts. After washing of the column with ultra pure water (MQ) the column is eluted with diluted acid. After mixing with luminol, peroxide and ammonium the oxidation of luminal with peroxide is catalysed by iron and a blue light is produced and detected with a photon counter. The amount of iron is calculated using a standard calibration line, where a known amount of iron is added to low iron containing seawater. Using this calibration line a number of counts per nM iron is obtained. A total of 795 samples, divided over 42 stations are measured. All samples have been analyzed on board. The values of Fe measured varied from below 0.1 -10 nM. The standard deviation varied between 0% and 8% (exceptional), but was generally lower than 5%. The standard deviation of the values is determined of a triplicate measurement of the same sample bottle. To correct for contamination during the process or in the sample bottle a duplicate sample was taken of every station depth. The intra-daily consistency of the system was verified using a drift standard. Regularly a certified SAFe standard (Johnson et al. 2007) for the long term consistency and absolute accuracy was measured.

Temporal coverage


28 July 2007 to 7 October 2007

PlatformIn Situ Ocean-based Platforms > Ships > R/v Polarstern
InstrumentIn Situ/laboratory Instruments > Chemical Meters/analyzers > Flow Injection Analysis (fia)

Originating center

Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ)



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Dataset progress

in work

Data quality

To check the consistency of our data with the community, the certification samples collected on the American SAFe cruise (Johnson et al., 2007) were analysed in triplicate for Fe. The resulting concentrations of Fe for the SAFe deep (D2) from 1000 m, agreed very nicely the community consensus value published by Johnsons et al. in 2007. Our average value of the certified SAFe (D2) standard was 0.93 (+/- 0.07) nM (n=24), well within range of the (0.91 +/- 0.17) nM certified value (Johnson et al., 2007). The dataset was scanned for obvious outliers (due to contamination during sample handling or measurement) and these have been quality flagged with the number 4 (2.9% of the total dataset). Some samples gave anomalous nutrient results for the intended depth and were assumed to have been closed at the wrong depth and quality flagged with the number 8 (0.4% of the total dataset). All other values are assumed to be correct and flagged with the number 0.

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TitleFunding idPeriod


Klunder, M.B., Laan, P., et al., 2012. Dissolved iron in the Arctic Ocean: Important role of hydrothermal sources, shelf input and scavenging removal. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 117 (C4)

Klunder, M.B., Bauch, D., et al., 2012. Dissolved iron in the Arctic shelf seas and surface waters of the central Arctic Ocean: Impact of Arctic river water and ice-melt. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 117 (C1)


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Dif id: Dissolved_Fe_Arctic_Klunder_IPY35_NL | UUID: a84c67d2-dae0-5a26-a13f-6afe8c0168fd | Version:1 | Added on: 24 September 2009 13:29